There were two aspects of life in Duquesne that were commonplace for virtually every hunky living in the area, as evidenced by the sheer number of locations.
The first was the spiritual side of their lives. As early as 1902, the City of Duquesne already had 16 established churches of various creeds. As the city’s population grew, more and more churches and congregations sprang-up. It was obvious, from an early date; the people of Duquesne practiced their religious beliefs and lived their lives based on their spiritual roots.
The second aspect of life that seemed to touch most lives was the Duquesne hunky’s hard-working, life-loving point-of-view and their affinity for the neighborhood bar. By 1940, there were over 48 locations where the locals could meet to “throw back a few” after a hard day at the mill. Whether they called it a “Beer Garden,” a “Tavern,” a “Café,” a “Bar,” a “Hotel,” or perhaps a “Club,” the purpose was all the same. They all provided a perfect spot to meet, relax, “B.S.” (if you’ll pardon the inference,) and just be part of the community. The cocktail of choice was the “boilermaker”, a.k.a. “a shot and a beer.” Bartenders didn’t need a degree in mixology to work in Duquesne since the 99.9% of the patrons would order the shot and beer.
I’ve often wondered how the Prohibition affected the city and the residents of Duquesne. Prohibition in the United States was a national ban on the sale, manufacture, and transportation of alcohol, in place from 1919 to 1933. The ban was mandated by the Eighteenth Amendment to the Constitution, and the Volstead Act set down the rules for enforcing the ban, as well as defining the types of alcoholic beverages that were prohibited.
As evidenced by the action of the Pennsylvania State Legislature, the State and therefore the City of Duquesne didn’t begin a strict enforcement of Prohibition until the first part of
1923. I can only imagine what the reaction was in the city with the mandatory closings of every establishment occurred in 1923. I am sure that many of the citizens from “the old country” were dumbfounded when they went to their favorite watering hole to find it chad losed. I’m sure this was a dark day in Duquesne. Scattered throughout the Duquesne Times in the subsequent decade, were articles that read like a chapter from an Elliot Ness Diary. Speakeasies, raids, G-Men and the sort, were frequently in the headlines. Duquesne was no different than the rest of America in its pursuit of “spirits!”
The following is a transcription of a front page article that appeared in The Duquesne Times on March 30, 1923, and sums up the effect of the major legislation on the day that there was not longer “A Tavern in the Town:”
March 30, 1923
25 SALOONS IN
GOVERNOR PINCHOT’S DRASTIC
“DRY” BILL LEGISLATURE
AND IS NOW THE
LAW OF THE STATE
A Revolutionary ActionThe new act is one of the most important ever passed by the Pennsylvania legislature and has aroused extraordinary interest. The bill was passed by a vote of 107 to 100, and was signed immediately by the governor. Among those who voted against the measure were J.M.Williams and C.J.McBride, the two representatives from the district of which Duquesne is part.Just what action the Duquesne saloon-keepers will take remains to be seen. It is said that in a number of instances, they will close their bars and retire, while in other cases they will engage in other lines of business at their present locations. As a result of the passage of the bill, no license court will be conducted this year and all license fees will be lost to the state and city. Duquesne men and women who lose their licenses are as follows: Retailers, John P. Ashoff, Michael Benedick, Moses W. Broudy, Joseph Burik, Mary Koribanic, Peter Linn, Janet McFadden, Dane Rendulic, John Ridall, Jr., Anthony P. Slavin, Mihal Stofa, Jacob Virostek, Harris Weinstein, Theordore Zarezalo, and Peter N. Zewe, of the First Ward; Steve Farkas, Chas. Hrebemac, Matthew Petraitis and Rose Schaming of the Second Ward, and Albert Blaobiny, George Hromi, Joseph Kovac, Mary Kovac, Michael Mosko and Michael Polatas of the Third ward. Licenses are also lost to three wholesalers in business here: Steve Babic, William Klein and Harry Silberman.New “Dry” LawThe salient points contained in the new “Dry” law are as follows:Repeals the Brooks high license act with the Woner act amendments and thus abolishes all licenses for the sale of beverages with the half of (one) 1 percent of alcoholic content permitted under the Volstead act.
It allows the sale of such drinks without restrictions and any change in authorized content that shall be made by Congress, will automatically become effective in Pennsylvania.
It permits search without warrant, by any officer, of any automobile, truck or other vehicle, boat or airplane or of any container carried by a pedestrian whom he may suspect is being used to carry intoxicating liquor.
The search and seizure clause authorizes a warrant for the entrance of a house at any time, upon information alleging reasonable grounds for belief that liquor is being sold on the premises, and any liquor found may be seized, the owner being obligated to prove that the same was acquired prior to the enactment of the bill. The Volstead act restrictions, as to the issuance of such warrants, are provided.
Alder, magistrates and justices-of-the-peace are authorized to issue warrants.
Places other than homes may be searched, under search warrants which allege reasonable grounds for belief that liquor is either unlawfully possessed, sold, manufactured or stored therein.
Any building or place where liquor is being made or sold unlawfully may be closed as public nuisance for one year.
Violation of the law is punishable by fine of from $100 to $5,000, or imprisonment for terms up to three years in addition to confiscation of liquor and property including automobiles or other vehicles used in unlawful transportation.
It provides that possession of intoxicating liquor shall be prima facia evidence that it was acquired, possessed and used unlawfully, and the burden proof that it was not, rests upon the accused.
Would anyone have any information on the Slavin Bar and Hotel that was there?
Brady’s Hotel was in McKeesport and owned and run by their brother in law Pat Brady. I have a picture from inside of Ashoff’s bar from the 1920’s if you’d like to see it. John Ashoff was awarded one of the first ever liquor licesnses in PA. I have an article from Post Gagette archives when they raided the bar and Uncle John was caught “dumping out contents and rinsing out glasses” as agents were coming into the establishment lol
My grandfather, Philip Ashoff quit his job in the mill to work for his brother John at his bar, Ashoff’s Bar. My grandmother was not very happy. At that time they had 3 kids. Prohibition hit. The law stated that everything could be searched but homes for illegal liquor. So… My grandmother found the stash. My grandfather had hidden the bar’s supply up in their attic in their Doney St. home. Boy, was my grandmother ticked. She proceeded to drop one bottle at a time out of the attic window to have them shatter below. My mother told me the story many times.Needless to say my grandfather nor his brother was very happy. This was also the stash for Brady’s
Jim (or others), your post reminds me of a question I’ve been wondering about: For those of us who live elsewhere and revisit the area only sporadically, is there any bar in Duquesne that is still to be recommended?
Paul, I can’t say for certain, but I would suspect that virtually any public bar would be questionable. However, I think that clubs such as the GBU and Croatian Club would be safe as llong as you knew a member who could get you in. – Jim
I feared that would be the answer. Tis a bitter shame.
Jim, we used to kid that Duquesne was made up of “BCB’s”. Barber shops, churches, and beer gardens. And it did seem like it. There were more than a few bar owners in my extended family and the last was my uncle Ronnie who owned the Riviera Lounge on Duquesne Boulevard. But that was
after “33”. During Prohibition in 1925 my grandfather was having his wedding reception in a hall located below the tracks off of Grant Ave. His father, my great-grandfather, was driving a wagon down 1st street on his way to the reception. As he turned the horse and wagon left at Grant somehow the wagon overturned. Great-granddad survived but the contents of the wagon did not! As the moonshine he was hauling to the reception flowed down Grant, the police took him to the city jail. My grandfather, Doc Green, had to go bail the old boy out and bring him back to the reception. However, or so the story went, the Slovaks had other sources of booze and partied into the night.
Gotta love the hunkys!!
This happened before we were honored with the opportunity of having a beer garden. We had Schultz’s Restaurant in downtown Duquesne and the state decided to remodel the lower part of the city. That meant that they took your business, paid you a fee for it, and you were on your own! We then opened a bar on south Duquesne Avenue near center street . There we were given a license for a liquor and beer operation. Had that for several years and the state came through again and with eminent domain clause and we were out of business again!! The state allowed us to move anywhere in the state to operate and we later sold the license. Believe me the town did not stay dry for a long period before us!!! Very interesting–many things coming back !!! Will reply again in another window!!! Nice touch!!!
My understanding of the passing of the Eighteenth Amendment was that the only way it was able to be passed was that (a.) women were enfranchised/able to vote; (b.) the men were away at war (WWl). As soon as the men returned to their homes, at the close of WWl, the law was repealed post-haste. That’s what I’ve heard some historians assert.
Jim, You MUST write a follow-up to this showing how many fines were imposed. If I had to guess I would say a great many……unless you had a friend or two on the police force. Or unless you bought a whole bunch ‘o booze prior to the enactment of the law! It’s very difficult for me to imagine the town of Duquesne being dry that long! I had to laugh when I saw that two of the opposing votes were from the good ole Duquesne voting district. Can’t wait for your next write up.